Late infection of hydroxyapatite orbital implants.
BH Sloan, AA McNab, P McKelvie
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology | Published : 1999
BACKGROUND: Exposure and minor complications of hydroxyapatite orbital implants are common. Infection appears to be rare and fibrovascular ingrowth into hydroxyapatite implants may make infection and extrusion less likely than with other types of orbital implant. METHODS: We describe three cases of chronic low-grade infection of hydroxyapatite implants, occurring late after apparently uncomplicated surgery, with tiny or inapparent areas of conjunctival loss or exposure. RESULTS: Two of the three cases grew Staphylococcus oureus on culture. All three implants ultimately needed to be removed. A characteristic histological pattern was seen, with abrupt transition between vascularized and absces..View full abstract