Orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis.
Venkatesh C Prabhakaran, Perooz Saeed, Bita Esmaeli, Timothy J Sullivan, Alan McNab, Garry Davis, Alejandra Valenzuela, Igal Leibovitch, Anat Kesler, Jennifer Sivak-Callcott, Erika Hoyama, Dinesh Selva
Arch Ophthalmol | Published : 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical features and management in a series of patients with orbital and adnexal sarcoidosis. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included patients with biopsy-proven noncaseating granuloma involving the orbit or adnexa and evidence of systemic sarcoidosis. Clinical records were reviewed for initial examination findings, radiological findings, treatment modalities, and outcome. RESULTS: The study included 26 patients (19 female, 7 male; mean age, 52 years). The most common feature at the first examination was a palpable periocular mass followed by discomfort, proptosis, ptosis, dry eye, diplopia, and decreased vision. The disease affected the lacrimal gla..View full abstract