Journal article

Australian surveillance for avian influenza viruses in wild birds between July 2005 and June 2007

L Haynes, E Arzey, C Bell, N Buchanan, G Burgess, V Cronan, C Dickason, H Field, S Gibbs, PM Hansbro, T Hollingsworth, AC Hurt, P Kirkland, H McCracken, J O'Connor, J Tracey, J Wallner, S Warner, R Woods, C Bunn

AUSTRALIAN VETERINARY JOURNAL | WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify and gain an understanding of the influenza viruses circulating in wild birds in Australia. DESIGN: A total of 16,303 swabs and 3782 blood samples were collected and analysed for avian influenza (AI) viruses from 16,420 wild birds in Australia between July 2005 and June 2007. Anseriformes and Charadriiformes were primarily targeted. PROCEDURES: Cloacal, oropharyngeal and faecal (environmental) swabs were tested using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the AI type A matrix gene. Positive samples underwent virus culture and subtyping. Serum samples were analysed using a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for influenza A virus nucleoprotein. RESULTS: No highly pat..

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