Journal article

Smiling reflects different emotions in men and women

S Vazire, LP Naumann, PJ Rentfrow, SD Gosling

Behavioral and Brain Sciences | Published : 2009

Abstract

AbstractWe present evidence that smiling is positively associated with positive affect in women and negatively associated with negative affect in men. In line with Vigil's model, we propose that, in women, smiling signals warmth (trustworthiness cues), which attracts fewer and more intimate relationships, whereas in men, smiling signals confidence and lack of self-doubt (capacity cues), which attracts numerous, less-intimate relationships.

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