Enzymatic properties of the cysteinesulfinic acid derivative of the catalytic-base mutant Glu400-->Cys of glucoamylase from Aspergillus awamori.
HP Fierobe, AJ Clarke, D Tull, B Svensson
Biochemistry | Published : 1998
The pKa of the catalytic base was lowered and its distance to the general acid catalyst, Glu179, was increased in the glucoamylase from Aspergillus awamori by replacing the catalytic base Glu400 with cysteine followed by oxidation to cysteinesulfinic acid [Fierobe, H.-P., Mirgorodskaya, E., McGuire, K. A., Roepstorff, P., Svensson, B. and Clarke, A. J. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 3743-3752. 1H NMR spectroscopy demonstrated that the oxidized mutant Glu400-->Cys-SO2H glucoamylase, like the wild-type, catalyzed hydrolysis with inversion of the anomeric configuration of the product. Relative to the catalytic base mutant Glu400-->Cys, the Cys400-SO2H glucoamylase had 700 times higher kcat toward malt..View full abstract