An efficient algorithm for REML in heteroscedastic regression
JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND GRAPHICAL STATISTICS | AMER STATISTICAL ASSOC | Published : 2002
This article considers REML (residual or restricted maximum likelihood) estimation for heteroscedastic linear models. An explicit algorithm is given for REML scoring which yields the REML estimates together with their standard errors and likelihood values. The algorithm includes a Levenberg-Marquardt restricted step modification that ensures that the REML likelihood increases at each iteration. This article shows how the complete computation, including the REML information matrix, may be carried out in O(n) operations. © 2002 American Statistical Association, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and Interface Foundation of North America.