Drosha regulates neurogenesis by controlling neurogenin 2 expression independent of microRNAs.
Philip Knuckles, Miriam A Vogt, Sebastian Lugert, Marta Milo, Mark MW Chong, Guillaume M Hautbergue, Stuart A Wilson, Dan R Littman, Verdon Taylor
Nat Neurosci | Published : 2012
Temporal regulation of embryonic neurogenesis is controlled by hypostable transcription factors. The mechanism of the process is unclear. Here we show that the RNase III Drosha and DGCR8 (also known as Pasha), key components of the microRNA (miRNA) microprocessor, have important functions in mouse neurogenesis. Loss of microprocessor in forebrain neural progenitors resulted in a loss of stem cell character and precocious differentiation whereas Dicer deficiency did not. Drosha negatively regulated expression of the transcription factors Neurogenin 2 (Ngn2) and NeuroD1 whereas forced Ngn2 expression phenocopied the loss of Drosha. Neurog2 mRNA contains evolutionarily conserved hairpins with s..View full abstract