Meta-Analysis of Theory of Mind in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa: A Specific Impairment of Cognitive Perspective Taking in Anorexia Nervosa?
Emre Bora, Sezen Kose
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EATING DISORDERS | WILEY | Published : 2016
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in theory of mind (ToM), ability to infer mental states of others, can play a significant role in interpersonal difficulties and/or unawareness of illness observed in AN and other eating disorders including bulimia Nervosa (BN). METHOD: Current meta-analysis aimed to summarize available evidence for deficits in ToM in AN and BN and examine the effects of number of study-level variables on observed findings. In this meta-analysis, 15 studies (22 samples with eating disorders) investigating ToM performances of 677 individuals with AN or BN and 514 healthy controls were included. RESULTS: AN was associated with significant deficits in ToM (d = 0.59) which were more pronounce..View full abstract