Journal article

Early and Middle Holocene Hunter-Gatherer Occupations in Western Amazonia: The Hidden Shell Middens

Umberto Lombardo, Katherine Szabo, Jose M Capriles, Jan-Hendrik May, Wulf Amelung, Rainer Hutterer, Eva Lehndorff, Anna Plotzki, Heinz Veit

PLOS ONE | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2013

Abstract

We report on previously unknown early archaeological sites in the Bolivian lowlands, demonstrating for the first time early and middle Holocene human presence in western Amazonia. Multidisciplinary research in forest islands situated in seasonally-inundated savannahs has revealed stratified shell middens produced by human foragers as early as 10,000 years ago, making them the oldest archaeological sites in the region. The absence of stone resources and partial burial by recent alluvial sediments has meant that these kinds of deposits have, until now, remained unidentified. We conducted core sampling, archaeological excavations and an interdisciplinary study of the stratigraphy and recovered ..

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Grants

Awarded by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)


Funding Acknowledgements

The present work has been funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF http://www.snf.ch/E/Pages/default.aspx), grants No 200021-122289 and 200020-141277/1. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.