Rectal artemisinins for malaria: a review of efficacy and safety from individual patient data in clinical studies.
Melba Gomes, Isabela Ribeiro, Marian Warsame, Harin Karunajeewa, Max Petzold
BMC Infect Dis | Published : 2008
BACKGROUND: Rectal administration of artemisinin derivatives has potential for early treatment for severe malaria in remote settings where injectable antimalarial therapy may not be feasible. Preparations available include artesunate, artemisinin, artemether and dihydroartemisinin. However each may have different pharmacokinetic properties and more information is needed to determine optimal dose and comparative efficacy with each another and with conventional parenteral treatments for severe malaria. METHODS: Individual patient data from 1167 patients in 15 clinical trials of rectal artemisinin derivative therapy (artesunate, artemisinin and artemether) were pooled in order to compare the ra..View full abstract