Proinsulin is encoded by an RNA splice variant in human blood myeloid cells.
Parth Narendran, Alana M Neale, Bo Han Lee, Katrina Ngui, Raymond J Steptoe, Grant Morahan, Ole Madsen, James A Dromey, Kent P Jensen, Leonard C Harrison
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A | Published : 2006
Genes for peripheral tissue-restricted self-antigens are expressed in thymic and hematopoietic cells. In thymic medullary epithelial cells, self-antigen expression imposes selection on developing autoreactive T cells and regulates susceptibility to autoimmune disease in mouse models. Less is known about the role of self-antigen expression by hematopoietic cells. Here we demonstrate that one of the endocrine self-antigens expressed by human blood myeloid cells, proinsulin, is encoded by an RNA splice variant. The surface expression of immunoreactive proinsulin was significantly decreased after transfection of monocytes with small interfering RNA to proinsulin. Furthermore, analogous to proins..View full abstract