Evidence from twins for acquired cellular immune hyperactivity in type 1 diabetes.
Nikolai Petrovsky, Kirsten O Kyvik, Vagn Bonnevie-Nielsen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Anders Green, Leonard C Harrison
Immunology | Published : 2002
Type 1 diabetes has been associated with an increased frequency of activated T cells and T-cell hyperactivity to non-specific and disease-specific stimuli including the islet autoantigen glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD). To address whether T-cell hyperactivity is genetic or acquired we measured whole blood cytokines in vitro in response to GAD or tetanus in 18 identical twin pairs, nine discordant for type 1 diabetes. In addition, the activity of 2', 5' oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) in blood mononuclear cells was measured as a marker of viral infection. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) basally and IL-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in response to GAD, were detected more frequently and at higher..View full abstract