Evidence that a peptide spanning the B-C junction of proinsulin is an early Autoantigen epitope in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes.
W Chen, I Bergerot, JF Elliott, LC Harrison, N Abiru, GS Eisenbarth, TL Delovitch
J Immunol | Published : 2001
The expression of pro(insulin) in the thymus may lead to the negative selection of pro(insulin) autoreactive T cells and peripheral tolerance to this autoantigen in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We investigated whether proinsulin is expressed in the thymus of young nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, whether T cells from naive NOD female mice at weaning are reactive to mouse proinsulin, and the role of proinsulin as a pathogenic autoantigen in T1D. Proinsulin II mRNA transcripts were detected in the thymus of 2-wk-old NOD mice at similar levels to other control strains. Despite this expression, proinsulin autoreactive T cells were detected in the periphery of 2- to 3-wk-old naive NOD mice. Peripheral T c..View full abstract