Journal article

GLUTAMIC-ACID DECARBOXYLASE AUTOANTIBODIES IN PRECLINICAL INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES

HJ DEAIZPURUA, YM WILSON, LC HARRISON

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences | NATL ACAD PRESS | Published : 1992

Abstract

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is associated with serum antibodies that precipitate a 64-kDa pancreatic islet cell protein reported to be glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; glutamate decarboxylase, EC 4.1.1.15). Previously, antibodies to GAD were found in the rare neurological disorder stiff man syndrome. To demonstrate directly antibodies to GAD, enzymatically active GAD was first purified from fresh human cerebellum. Brain GAD activity was precipitated by noninhibitory antibodies in the sera of 16/26 (62%) subjects defined as having preclinical IDDM (islet cell antibody-positive first-degree relatives of a person with IDDM), 3/13 (23%) with recent-onset IDDM, and 3/3 with the st..

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