Cognitive factors in panic disorder, agoraphobic avoidance and agoraphobia.
David Berle, Vladan Starcevic, Anthony Hannan, Denise Milicevic, Claire Lamplugh, Pauline Fenech
Behav Res Ther | Published : 2008
There remains a lack of consensus regarding the possibility that especially high levels of panic-related cognitions characterise panic disorder with agoraphobia. We administered the Anxiety Sensitivity Index, the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Anxious Thoughts and Tendencies Scale as well as measures of agoraphobic avoidance to patients diagnosed with panic disorder with agoraphobia (n=75) and without agoraphobia (n=26). Patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia did not score significantly higher on any of the cognitive variables than did panic disorder patients without agoraphobia. However, most of the cognitive variables showed small to moderate-strength correlations with..View full abstract