Journal article

Hypoxic preconditioning of myoblasts implanted in a tissue engineering chamber significantly increases local angiogenesis via upregulation of myoblast vascular endothelial growth factor-A expression and downregulation of miRNA-1, miRNA-206 and angiopoietin-1

CJ Taylor, JE Church, MD Williams, Y-W Gerrand, E Keramidaris, JA Palmer, LA Galea, AJ Penington, WA Morrison, GM Mitchell

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE | WILEY | Published : 2018

Abstract

Vascularization is a major hurdle for growing three-dimensional tissue engineered constructs. This study investigated the mechanisms involved in hypoxic preconditioning of primary rat myoblasts in vitro and their influence on local angiogenesis postimplantation. Primary rat myoblast cultures were exposed to 90 min hypoxia at <1% oxygen followed by normoxia for 24 h. Real time (RT) polymerase chain reaction evaluation indicated that 90 min hypoxia resulted in significant downregulation of miR-1 and miR-206 (p < 0.05) and angiopoietin-1 (p < 0.05) with upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A; p < 0.05). The miR-1 and angiopoietin-1 responses remained significantly downregu..

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