Journal article

Jugad: Youth and Enterprise in India

Craig Jeffrey, Stephen Young

ANNALS OF THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN GEOGRAPHERS | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2014

Abstract

This article examines the social and political significance of the Indian term jugād, which, crudely, means "make do and mend" or "find a way around"-for example, fixing a car fan belt with a pair of tights. Building on research conducted by Craig Jeffrey in 2004 and 2005 in western Uttar Pradesh, we show that a set of lower middle-class "fixers" has emerged among underemployed male youth in north India, who make large amounts of money acting as brokers between private educational entrepreneurs and universities and who use the idea of jugād to euphemize their involvement in corruption. We then employ more recent research, carried out between 2007 and 2012 by both authors, to show how the ide..

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University of Melbourne Researchers