Journal article

Reproducing difference? Schooling, jobs, and empowerment in Uttar Pradesh, India

C Jeffrey, P Jeffery, R Jeffery

WORLD DEVELOPMENT | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

This article examines the role of school education in reproducing caste and class inequalities in rural Bijnor district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Drawing on Bourdieu's work, the article shows that a rural elite has used its superior wealth, connections, and social status to ensure that their sons receive privileged access to schooling credentials and government employment. The greater availability of formal educational opportunities allied to the political rise of lower castes has allowed a small group of Dalits to raise their social standing, but has failed to alter historical relationships of dependence and exploitation. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.