Journal article

Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on ammonia metabolism during exercise in humans

RJ Snow, MF Carey, CG Stathis, MA Febbraio, M Hargreaves

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2000

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to examine the effect of carbohydrate ingestion on plasma and muscle ammonia (NH(3) denotes ammonia and ammonium) accumulation during prolonged exercise. Eleven trained men exercised for 2 h at 65% peak pulmonary oxygen consumption while ingesting either 250 ml of an 8% carbohydrate-electrolyte solution every 15 min (CHO) or an equal volume of a sweet placebo. Blood glucose and plasma insulin levels during exercise were higher in CHO, but plasma hypoxanthine was lower after 120 min (1.7 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.1 micromol/l; P < 0. 05). Plasma NH(3) levels were similar at rest and after 30 min of exercise in both trials but were lower after 60, 90, and 120 min o..

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