Journal article

EFFECT OF PRE-EXERCISE CARBOHYDRATE FEEDINGS ON ENDURANCE CYCLING PERFORMANCE

M HARGREAVES, DL COSTILL, WJ FINK, DS KING, RA FIELDING

MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE | WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 1987

Abstract

Six men were studied to compare the effects of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance and muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged exercise. Trials consisted of a cycling ride to exhaustion at 75% maximal oxygen uptake preceded by the ingestion of either 75 g of glucose in 350 ml of water (GLU), 75 g of fructose in 350 ml of water (FRU), or 350 ml of an artificially sweetened and flavored placebo (CON). No differences were observed between trials for oxygen uptake, respiratory exchange ratio, heart rate, or exercise time to exhaustion (CON = 92.7 +/- 5.2 min, FRU = 90.6 +/- 12.4, and GLU = 92.8 +/- 11.3, mean +/- SE). Blood glucose was elevated as a result of the GLU..

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