Factors potentiating the risk of sudden infant death syndrome associated with the prone position.
AL Ponsonby, T Dwyer, LE Gibbons, JA Cochrane, YG Wang
N Engl J Med | Published : 1993
BACKGROUND: In several studies the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been significantly associated with sleeping in the prone position. It is not known how the prone position increases the risk of SIDS. METHODS: We analyzed data from a case-control study (58 infants with SIDS and 120 control infants) and a prospective cohort study (22 infants with SIDS and 213 control infants) in Tasmania. Interactions were examined in matched analyses with a multiplicative model of interaction. RESULTS: In the case-control study, SIDS was significantly associated with sleeping in the prone position, as compared with other positions (unadjusted odds ratio, 4.5; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.1 to 9...View full abstract