Journal article

Increased sensitivity to endotoxemia in the bile duct-ligated cirrhotic rat

D Harry, R Anand, S Holt, S Davies, R Marley, B Fernando, D Goodier, K Moore

Hepatology | WILEY | Published : 1999

Abstract

Sepsis is a common complication of cirrhosis with a high mortality. In this study, we have investigated some of the pathways that may be involved in tissue injury and death. Bile duct-ligated (BDL) cirrhotic and control rats were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Sensitivity to LPS was markedly enhanced in the BDL group, and was associated with increased liver injury and mortality. There was a 5-fold constitutive activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) in the liver of BDL rat controls (P <.001), and this was activated further, but to a similar extent, in the liver of both sham and BDL rats after injection of LPS. Plasma tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) increased more m..

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