Journal article

Testing the coplanar ratio hypothesis of lightness perception

PDL Howe

PERCEPTION | PION LTD | Published : 2006


What determines an object's lightness remains unclear, but it is generally thought that the ratios of its luminance to the luminance of other objects in a scene play a crucial role because these ratios allow the relative reflectance of each object to be estimated, providing all the objects are under the same illumination. Because objects that lie in the same plane are typically illuminated equally, it has been suggested that it is the luminance ratios between coplanar objects that primarily determine lightness (Gilchrist, 1977 Science 195 185-187; Gilchrist et al, 1999 Psychological Review 106 795-834). An alternative hypothesis is that perceived illumination differences can affect lightness..

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