Journal article

The Current Epidemiology of Injecting Drug Use-Associated Infective Endocarditis in Victoria, Australia in the Midst of Increasing Crystal Methamphetamine Use

Alexandra Wright, Ohide Otome, Craig Harvey, Steve Bowe, Eugene Athan

HEART LUNG AND CIRCULATION | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity despite recent advances in management. Injecting drug use (IDU) remains an important risk factor. Our aim was to evaluate the rates and patient demographics of IE and injecting drug use-associated infective endocarditis (IDU-IE) in Victoria from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: The Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) was used to identify a population-based cohort with a diagnosis of IE and IDU-IE between 2009 and 2014 in Victoria. Incidence rates were calculated per 100,000 people/year. Rate ratios were calculated using Poisson distributions, and chi squared (χ2) test for trend were calculated to ident..

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University of Melbourne Researchers