Ctf4 Prevents Genome Rearrangements by Suppressing DNA Double-Strand Break Formation and Its End Resection at Arrested Replication Forks.
Mariko Sasaki, Takehiko Kobayashi
Mol Cell | Published : 2017
Arrested replication forks lead to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), which are a major source of genome rearrangements. Yet DSB repair in the context of broken forks remains poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that DSBs that are formed at arrested forks in the budding yeast ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) locus are normally repaired by pathways dependent on the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 complex but independent of HR. HR is also dispensable for DSB repair at stalled forks at tRNA genes. In contrast, in cells lacking the core replisome component Ctf4, DSBs are formed more frequently, and these DSBs undergo end resection and HR-mediated repair that is prone to rDNA hyper-amplification; this highlights Ctf4 ..View full abstract