Late Quaternary changes in climate and land cover in the Northern Horn of Africa and adjacent areas
Sil Lanckriet, Haripriya Rangan, Jan Nyssen, Amaury Frankl
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2017
Most studies of landscape dynamics in the Ethiopian Highlands offer linear relations of population pressure and periodic droughts as causes of environmental degradation. Such views rely on limited historical information of one or two centuries, which is inadequate for understanding the longer term effects of climatic shifts on landscape dynamics and environmental change in the Highlands. In this study, we conducted a “meta-analysis” of long-term climate and biogeographic change and landscape dynamics during the Holocene using multi-proxy evidence from lacustrine (n = 10), marine (n = 5), geomorphic (n = 13) and vegetation (n = 7) records from the highlands and the wider Horn of Africa and we..View full abstract
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The authors thank Simon Connor for his important input and advice. The paper has also benefited from comments made by Henry Lamb and Jan Moeyersons. Further, this study would not have been possible without the support and material assistance of the Belgo-Ethiopian VLIR MU-IUC programme and a travel scholarship of the Flanders Research Foundation (FWO).