Journal article

Retinal Macrophages Synthesize C3 and Activate Complement in AMD and in Models of Focal Retinal Degeneration

Riccardo Natoli, Nilisha Fernando, Haihan Jiao, Tanja Racic, Michele Madigan, Nigel L Barnett, Joshua A Chu-Tan, Krisztina Valter, Jan Provis, Matt Rutar

INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE | ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

Purpose: Complement system dysregulation is strongly linked to the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Deposition of complement including C3 within the lesions in atrophic AMD is thought to contribute to lesion growth, although the contribution of local cellular sources remains unclear. We investigated the role of retinal microglia and macrophages in complement activation within atrophic lesions, in AMD and in models of focal retinal degeneration. Methods: Human AMD donor retinas were labeled for C3 expression via in situ hybridization. Rats were subject to photo-oxidative damage, and lesion expansion was tracked over a 2-month period using optical coherence tomography (OC..

View full abstract