Journal article

Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic Speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-Specific Admixture

Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Mait Metspalu, Ying Choi, Reedik Maegi, Irene Gallego Romero, Pedro Soares, Mannis van Oven, Doron M Behar, Siiri Rootsi, Georgi Hudjashov, Chandana Basu Mallick, Monika Karmin, Mari Nelis, Jueri Parik, Alla Goverdhana Reddy, Ene Metspalu, George van Driem, Yali Xue, Chris Tyler-Smith, Kumarasamy Thangaraj Show all

Molecular Biology and Evolution | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2011

Abstract

The geographic origin and time of dispersal of Austroasiatic (AA) speakers, presently settled in south and southeast Asia, remains disputed. Two rival hypotheses, both assuming a demic component to the language dispersal, have been proposed. The first of these places the origin of Austroasiatic speakers in southeast Asia with a later dispersal to south Asia during the Neolithic, whereas the second hypothesis advocates pre-Neolithic origins and dispersal of this language family from south Asia. To test the two alternative models, this study combines the analysis of uniparentally inherited markers with 610,000 common single nucleotide polymorphism loci from the nuclear genome. Indian AA speake..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by University of Tartu


Awarded by Tartu University


Awarded by Estonian Science Foundation


Awarded by UKIERI


Awarded by British Academy


Awarded by Estonian Ministry of Education and Research


Awarded by European Commission


Funding Acknowledgements

We thank Ille Hilpus, Tuuli Reisberg, Viljo Soo, and Lauri Anton for technical assistance. We also thank Professor Thomas L. Rost, who allow us to use the rice plant picture (for fig. 1) from http://www-plb.ucdavis.edu/labs/rost/Rice/RICEHOME.HTML. EU European Regional Development Fund through the Centre of Excellence in Genomics, Estonian Biocentre, and University of Tartu, Estonian Basic Research grant SF0182474 to R.V.; Tartu University (PBGMR06901) to T.K.; Estonian Science Foundation (7858) to E.M. and (7445) to S.R.; UKIERI grant RG47772 to T.K., M.M.L., K.T., and LS.; British Academy BARDA-48208 to M.B.R.; Estonian Ministry of Education and Research (0180142s08) and European Commission grant nr. 245536 (OPENGENE) to M.N. European Commission (ECO-GENE 205419) to E.B.C. European Commission, Directorate-General for Research for FP7 Ecogene (205419) to D.M.B.; CSIR, Government of India to L.S. and K.T.; The Wellcome Trust to Y.X. and C.T.-S.