Journal article

Contribution of Psychological Trauma to Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury: Assaults versus Sporting Injuries

Jane L Mathias, Yasmin Harman-Smith, Stephen C Bowden, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Erin D Bigler

JOURNAL OF NEUROTRAUMA | MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC | Published : 2014

Abstract

Clinical research into outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently combines injuries that have been sustained through different causes (e.g., car accidents, assaults, and falls), the effect of which is not well understood. This study examined the contribution of injury-related psychological trauma—which is more commonly associated with specific types of injuries—to outcomes after nonpenetrating TBI in order to determine whether it may be having a differential effect in samples containing mixed injuries. Data from three groups that were prospectively recruited for two larger studies were compared: one that sustained a TBI as a result of physical assaults (i.e., psychologically trau..

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