Journal article

Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell on intelligence and personality

Gregory J Boyle, Lazar Stankov, Nicholas G Martin, KV Petrides, Michael W Eysenck, Generos Ortet

PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

The two most prominent individual differences researchers of the twentieth century were Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell. Both were giants of scientific psychology, each publishing scores of books and hundreds of empirical peer-reviewed journal articles. Influenced by Hebb's distinction between physiological (Intelligence A) and experiential (Intelligence B), Eysenck focused on discovering the underlying biological substrata of intelligence. Analogously, Cattell proposed the Gf–Gc theory which distinguishes between fluid and crystallised intelligence. Cattell's Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT), a measure primarily of fluid intelligence, was constructed specifically to minimise dif..

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