Journal article

Progressive cortical thinning and subcortical atrophy in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease

Elijah Mak, Li Sua, Guy B Williams, Rosie Watson, Michael J Firbank, Andrew M Blamire, John T O'Brien

NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Patterns of progressive cortical thinning in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) remain poorly understood. We examined spatiotemporal patterns of cortical thinning and subcortical atrophy over 12 months in DLB (n = 13), compared with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 23) and healthy control subjects (HC) (n = 33). Rates of temporal thinning in DLB were relatively preserved compared with AD. Volumetric analyses subcortical changes revealed that the AD group demonstrated significantly increased hippocampal atrophy (-5.8%) relative to the HC (-1.7%; p < 0.001) and DLB groups (-2.5%, p = 0.006). Significant lateral ventricular expansion was also observed in AD (8.9%) compared with HC (4.3%; p < 0.001) a..

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Grants

Awarded by Sir Jules Thorn Charitable Trust


Awarded by Medical Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Sir Jules Thorn Charitable Trust (Grant number 05/JTA), the NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Dementia and the Biomedical Research Centre awarded to Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Cambridge, and the NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Dementia and the Biomedical Research Centre awarded to Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and the Newcastle University. Elijah Mak was in receipt of a Gates Cambridge PhD studentship. Elijah Mak formulated the research question, performed the statistical analyses, interpreted the results, and wrote the article. Li Su and Guy Williams assisted with the interpretation of the results and provided comments and additional suggestions for revisions of the draft. Rosie Watson recruited and assessed study participants, assisted with the interpretation of the results, and reviewed the article. Michael Firbank designed the imaging protocol, assisted with the interpretation of the results, and reviewed the article. Andrew Blamire obtained funding for the project, designed the imaging protocol, undertook routine quality assurance on the MR system, assisted with the interpretation of the results, and reviewed the article. John O'Brien obtained funding for the project, designed the imaging protocol, assisted with recruitment of study participants, assisted with the interpretation of the results, and reviewed the article. All authors approved the final article.