Journal article

Revisiting the Basic Symptom Concept: Toward Translating Risk Symptoms for Psychosis into Neurobiological Targets

Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Martin Debbane, Anastasia Theodoridou, Stephen J Wood, Andrea Raballo, Chantal Michel, Stefanie J Schmidt, Jochen Kindler, Stephan Ruhrmann, Peter J Uhlhaas

Frontiers in Psychiatry | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2016


In its initial formulation, the concept of basic symptoms (BSs) integrated findings on the early symptomatic course of schizophrenia and first in vivo evidence of accompanying brain aberrations. It argued that the subtle subclinical disturbances in mental processes described as BSs were the most direct self-experienced expression of the underlying neurobiological aberrations of the disease. Other characteristic symptoms of psychosis (e.g., delusions and hallucinations) were conceptualized as secondary phenomena, resulting from dysfunctional beliefs and suboptimal coping styles with emerging BSs and/or concomitant stressors. While BSs can occur in many mental disorders, in particular affectiv..

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