Journal article

Autism Tendencies and Psychosis Proneness Interactively Modulate Saliency Cost

Ahmad Abu-Akel, Ian A Apperly, Stephen J Wood, Peter C Hansen, Carmel Mevorach

SCHIZOPHRENIA BULLETIN | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2017

Abstract

Atypical responses to salient information are a candidate endophenotype for both autism and psychosis spectrum disorders. The present study investigated the costs and benefits of such atypicalities for saliency-based selection in a large cohort of neurotypical adults in whom both autism and psychosis expressions were assessed. Two experiments found that autism tendencies and psychosis proneness interactively modulated the cost incurred in the presence of a task-irrelevant salient distractor. Specifically, expressions of autism and psychosis had opposing effects on responses to salient information such that the benefits associated with high expressions for autism offset costs associated with ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers