Journal article

Reciprocal modulation of glutamate and GABA release may underlie the anticonvulsant effect of phenytoin.

MO Cunningham, A Dhillon, SJ Wood, RS Jones

Neuroscience | Published : 2000

Abstract

Although conventional wisdom suggests that the effectiveness of phenytoin as an anticonvulsant is due to blockade of Na+-channels this is unlikely to be it's sole mechanism of action. In the present paper we examined the effects of phenytoin on evoked and spontaneous transmission at excitatory (glutamate) and inhibitory (GABA) synapses, in the rat entorhinal cortex in vitro. Evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials at glutamate synapses exhibited frequency-dependent enhancement, and phenytoin reduced this enhancement without altering responses evoked at low frequency. In whole-cell patch-clamp recordings the frequency of excitatory postsynaptic currents resulting from the spontaneous releas..

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University of Melbourne Researchers