Evidence for differential reflex regulation of cholinergic and noncholinergic parasympathetic nerves innervating the airways.
Stuart B Mazzone, Brendan J Canning
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Published : 2002
The hypothesis that cholinergic and nonadrenergic, noncholinergic parasympathetic nerves innervating the airways are subject to differential reflex regulation was addressed. Pronounced contractile and relaxant parasympathetic reflex responses could be evoked by intravenous histamine, laryngeal mucosal application of capsaicin, inhaled capsaicin, or electrical stimulation of the vagal afferent nerves projecting to the esophagus and abdominal viscera. These data suggest that activation of multiple vagal afferent nerve subtypes can initiate both cholinergic and noncholinergic parasympathetic reflexes in the airways. Conversely, hypoxia or activation of the diving response from the nose evoked o..View full abstract