Journal article

Substance P receptors in brain stem respiratory centers of the rat: Regulation of NK1 receptors by hypoxia

SB Mazzone, CF Hinrichsen, DP Geraghty

JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS | WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 1997

Abstract

Substance P (SP) is a key neurotransmitter involved in the brain stem integration of carotid body chemoreceptor reflexes. In this study, the characteristics and location of SP receptors in the rat brain stem and their regulation by hypoxia were investigated using homogenate radioligand binding and quantitative autoradiography. Specific binding of [125I] Bolton-Hunter SP (BHSP) to brain stem homogenates was saturable (approximately 0.3 nM) and to a single class of high-affinity sites (K(d), 0.16 nM; maximum density of binding sites, 0.43 fmol/mg wet weight tissue). The order of potency of agonists for inhibition of BHSP binding was SP > [Sar9Met(O2)11]SP >> neurokinin A > septide > neurokinin..

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