Nucleotide and haplotypic diversity of the NOS2A promoter region and its relationship to cerebral malaria.
David Burgner, Stanley Usen, Kirk Rockett, Muminatou Jallow, Hans Ackerman, Alessandra Cervino, Margaret Pinder, Dominic P Kwiatkowski
Hum Genet | Published : 2003
To assess the hypothesis that nitric oxide is critical in the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria, we analysed genetic variation in the proximal promoter region of NOS2A, the gene encoding inducible nitric oxide synthase. Sequencing 72 Gambian chromosomes revealed 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 2.5 kB (theta=8.6 x 10(-4)). Genotyping 104 nuclear families identified six common haplotypes. A single haplotype, uniquely defined by the NOS2A-1659T allele, was associated with cerebral malaria by a transmission disequilibrium test of 334 affected children and their parents (P=0.02). An independent case-control study of 505 different children from the same population replicated the allelic assoc..View full abstract