The burden of pneumonia in children: an Australian perspective.
David Burgner, Peter Richmond
Paediatr Respir Rev | Published : 2005
The burden of pneumonia in Australian children is significant with an incidence of 5-8 per 1000 person-years. Pneumonia is a major cause of hospital admission in children less than 5 years of age. Indigenous children are at particular risk with a 10-20-fold higher risk of hospitalisation compared to non-Indigenous children. They also have longer admissions and are more likely to have multiple admissions with pneumonia. There are limited data on pathogen-specific causes of pneumonia, however Streptococcus pneumonia is the most common bacterial cause in children under 5 years of age and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza are the predominant viral causes in young children. Pneumoni..View full abstract