Histology of lichen sclerosus varies according to site and proximity to carcinoma.
J Scurry, J Whitehead, M Healey
Am J Dermatopathol | Published : 2001
To investigate why vulvar but not extragenital lichen sclerosus is associated with squamous cell carcinoma, we performed a histologic study of extragenital lichen sclerosus, vulvar lichen sclerosus without carcinoma, and vulvar lichen sclerosus with carcinoma adjacent to and distant from the carcinoma. We compared epidermal thickness, rete ridge length, mitotic activity, atypia, dermal collagen change, dermal inflammation, and presence of other dermatoses in 30 women in each group. Extragenital lichen sclerosus showed thinner epidermis (mean thickness of 0.13 mm versus 0.41 mm; P < 0.0005), shorter rete ridges (P = 0.0001), more dermal edema (P = 0.16), and absence of associated dermatoses o..View full abstract