Journal article

Men and women with psychosis and the impact of illness-duration on sex-differences: The second Australian national survey of psychosis

Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Natalie Single, Clare Coleman, Vera A Morgan, Susan M Cotton, Helen J Stain, David J Castle

PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2017

Abstract

We aimed to examine and compare sex-differences in people receiving treatment for psychotic illnesses in community settings, based on long or short duration of illness; expecting association between longer illness-duration and worse outcomes in women and men. Clinical, demographic and service-use data from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis were analysed by sex and duration of illness (≤5 years; ≥6 years), using independent t-tests, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVA, and Cramer's V. Of the 1825 participants, 47% had schizophrenia, 17.5% bipolar and 16.1% schizo-affective disorders. More women than men had undertaken post-school education, maintained relationships, and been living in their own..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing


Funding Acknowledgements

This publication is based on data collected in the framework of the 2010 Australian National Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP). The members of the SHIP Study Group are: V. Morgan (National Project Director), A. Jablensky (Chief Scientific Advisor), A. Waterreus (National Project Coordinator), R. Bush, V. Carr, D. Castle, M. Cohen, C. Galletly, C. Harvey, B. Hocking, A. Mackinnon, P. McGorry, J. McGrath, A. Neil, S. Saw, H. Stain. Ethics approvals for the study were obtained from relevant institutional human research ethics committees. The study was funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (MH278). This report acknowledges, with thanks, the hundreds of mental health professionals who participated in the preparation and conduct of the survey and the many Australians with psychotic disorders who gave their time and whose responses form the basis of this publication.