Did the suicide barrier work after all? Revisiting the Bloor Viaduct natural experiment and its impact on suicide rates in Toronto.
Mark Sinyor, Ayal Schaffer, Donald A Redelmeier, Alex Kiss, Yasunori Nishikawa, Amy H Cheung, Anthony J Levitt, Jane Pirkis
BMJ Open | Published : 2017
OBJECTIVE: This research aims to determine the long-term impact of the Bloor Street Viaduct suicide barrier on rates of suicide in Toronto and whether media reporting had any impact on suicide rates. DESIGN: Natural experiment. SETTING: City of Toronto, Canada; records at the chief coroner's office of Ontario 1993-2003 (11 years before the barrier) and 2004-2014 (11 years after the barrier). PARTICIPANTS: 5403 people who died by suicide in the city of Toronto. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Changes in yearly rates of suicide by jumping at Bloor Street Viaduct, other bridges including nearest comparison bridge and walking distance bridges, and buildings, and by other means. RESULTS: Suicide rates at t..View full abstract