Journal article

Rapid B cell apoptosis induced by antigen receptor ligation does not require Fas (CD95/APO-1), the adaptor protein FADD/MORT1 or CrmA-sensitive caspases but is defective in both MRL- / and MRL-lpr/lpr mice

T Yoshida, T Higuchi, H Hagiyama, A Strasser, K Nishioka, T Tsubata

INTERNATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2000

Abstract

Antigen receptor ligation-induced apoptosis is thought to play a role in self-tolerance by deleting autoreactive lymphocytes. Antigen receptor ligation-induced apoptosis of mature T cells and T cell lines requires autocrine or paracrine activation of Fas (CD95/APO-1). Whether B cell antigen receptor (BCR)-mediated apoptosis requires Fas or related molecules is unclear. Here we demonstrate that expression of either CrmA, the cowpox virus serpin, or an inhibitor of the adapter protein FADD/MORT1 blocks Fas-mediated apoptosis but has no effect on BCR ligation-induced apoptosis of the B cell line WEHI-231. In contrast, expression of Bcl-2 blocks BCR-mediated but not Fas-induced apoptosis in WEHI..

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University of Melbourne Researchers