Risk factors for pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus seroconversion among hospital staff, Singapore.
Mark IC Chen, Vernon JM Lee, Ian Barr, Cui Lin, Rachelle Goh, Caroline Lee, Baldev Singh, Jessie Tan, Wei Yen Lim, Alex R Cook, Brenda Ang, Angela Chow, Boon Huan Tan, Jimmy Loh, Robert Shaw, Kee Seng Chia, Raymond TP Lin, Yee Sin Leo
Emerg Infect Dis | Published : 2010
We describe incidence and risk factors for pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus infection in healthcare personnel during the June-September 2009 epidemic in Singapore. Personnel contributed 3 serologic samples during June-October 2009, with seroconversion defined as a ≥4-fold increase in hemagglutination inhibition titers to pandemic (H1N1) 2009. Of 531 participants, 35 showed evidence of seroconversion. Seroconversion rates were highest in nurses (28/290) and lowest in allied health staff (2/116). Significant risk factors on multivariate analysis were being a nurse (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-19.6) and working in pandemic (H1N1) 2009 isolation wards (aOR 4.5, 95% ..View full abstract