Different growth factor requirements for human Th2 cells may reflect in vivo induced anergy.
FC Van Reijsen, OL Wijburg, M Gebhardt, AG Van Ieperen-Van Dijk, S Betz, EM Poellabauer, T Thepen, CA Bruijnzeel-Koomen, GC Mudde
Clin Exp Immunol | Published : 1994
We previously reported the isolation of allergen-specific Th2 lines and clones from atopy patch test (APT) sites of atopic dermatitis (AD) patients. Upon stimulation with allergen or anti-CD3+ phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) IL-4 was released with or without IL-5, while no (or extremely low concentrations of) IL-2 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were detectable. A high IL-4/IFN-gamma ratio facilitates production of allergen-specific IgE, of which high levels are observed in AD patients. Here we show that the above mentioned Th2 cells are notably different from murine Th2 cells. Not IL-4, which is the autocrine acting growth factor for murine Th2 cells, but IL-2 was needed for proliferation ..View full abstract