Journal article

IpgB1 and IpgB2, two homologous effectors secreted via the Mxi-Spa type III secretion apparatus, cooperate to mediate polarized cell invasion and inflammatory potential of Shigella flexenri

Abderrahman Hachani, Latefa Biskri, Giacomo Rossi, Allison Marty, Robert Menard, Philippe Sansonetti, Claude Parsot, Guy Tran Van Nhieu, Maria Lina Bernardini, Abdelmounaaim Allaoui

MICROBES AND INFECTION | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

Type III secretion systems (T3SS) are present in many pathogenic gram-negative bacteria and mediate the translocation of bacterial effector proteins into host cells. Here, we report the phenotypic characterization of S. flexneri ipgB1 and ipgB2 mutants, in which the genes encoding the IpgB1 and IpgB2 effectors have been inactivated, either independently or simultaneously. Like IpgB1, we found that IpgB2 is secreted by the T3SS and its secretion requires the Spa15 chaperone. Upon infection of semi-confluent HeLa cells, the ipgB2 mutant exhibited the same invasive capacity as the wild-type strain and the ipgB1 mutant was 50% less invasive. Upon infection of polarised Caco2-cells, the ipgB2 mut..

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University of Melbourne Researchers