Journal article

Ultrastructural and Molecular Characterisation of an Heterosporis-Like Microsporidian in Australian Sea Snakes (Hydrophiinae)

Amber K Gillett, Richard Ploeg, Peter J O'Donoghue, Phoebe A Chapman, Richard I Webb, Mark Flint, Paul C Mills

PLOS ONE | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2016

Abstract

Four sea snakes (two Hydrophis major, one Hydrophis platurus, one Hydrophis elegans) were found washed ashore on different beaches in the Sunshine Coast region and Fraser Island in Queensland, Australia between 2007-2013. Each snake had multiple granulomas and locally extensive regions of pallor evident in the hypaxial and intercostal musculature along the body. Lesions in two individuals were also associated with vertebral and rib fractures. Histological examination revealed granulomas scattered throughout skeletal muscle, subcutaneous adipose tissue and fractured bone. These were composed of dense aggregates of microsporidian spores surrounded by a mantle of macrophages. Sequences (ssrRNA)..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by University of Queensland, The School of Veterinary Science Donor/Bequest Research fund


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by The University of Queensland, The School of Veterinary Science Donor/Bequest Research fund BEQPMI2014. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.