Journal article

Affective and cognitive theory of mind abilities in youth with borderline personality disorder or major depressive disorder

Sarah-Ann Tay, Carol A Hulbert, Henry J Jackson, Andrew M Chanen

PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is an important social cognitive ability that has been investigated in BPD, with inconsistent findings indicating impaired, comparable, and enhanced ToM in BPD. This study aimed to clarify and extend previous findings by investigating affective and cognitive ToM abilities in youth early in the course of BPD, by including a clinical comparison group of youth with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Female participants aged 15-24 years diagnosed with BPD (n = 41) or MDD (n = 37) completed the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) and Happé's Cartoon Task, measures of affective and cognitive dimensions of ToM, respectively. RESULTS: The BPD group perfor..

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