A prospective randomized study to evaluate the renoprotective action of beating heart coronary surgery in low risk patients.
ATM Tang, J Knott, J Nanson, J Hsu, MP Haw, SK Ohri
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg | Published : 2002
OBJECTIVES: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is widely regarded as an important contributor to renal failure, a well recognized complication following coronary artery surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)). Anecdotally off-pump coronary surgery (OPCAB) is considered renoprotective. We examine the extent of renal glomerular and tubular injury in low-risk patients undergoing either OPCAB or on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). METHODS: Forty low-risk patients with normal preoperative cardiac and renal functions awaiting elective CABG were prospectively randomized into those undergoing OPCAB (n=20) and ONCAB (n=20). Glomerular and tubular injury were measured respectively by urinary ex..View full abstract