Should Surgery for Hypospadias Be Performed Before An Age of Consent?
Adrienne Carmack, Lauren Notini, Brian D Earp
JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2016
Hypospadias is a relatively common genital condition in which the urethral opening forms on the underside of the penis, as opposed to at the tip of the glans. Patients with hypospadias are typically referred for surgery during infancy or early childhood. Recent evidence, however, indicates that many individuals with hypospadias do not experience the functional or psychosocial difficulties commonly attributed to the condition, and that surgical intervention for hypospadias carries substantial risk of adverse outcomes. In this article, we review published outcomes data and conduct an in-depth analysis of the typical rationales for hypospadias surgery, taking into consideration both the potenti..View full abstract