Assessing the economic impact of HIV/AIDS on Nigerian households: a propensity score matching approach.
Ajay Mahal, David Canning, Kunle Odumosu, Prosper Okonkwo
AIDS | Published : 2008
OBJECTIVES: We used a novel approach to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on individuals' healthcare utilization and spending in the Oyo and Plateau states of Nigeria and income foregone from work time lost. METHODS: Data from a 2004 random survey of over 6400 individuals were compared with a sample of 482 individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Estimating the effect of HIV is complicated by the fact that our sample of HIV-positive individuals was non-random; there are selection effects, both in acquiring HIV and being in our sample of HIV-positive people, which was based on contacts through non-governmental organizations. To overcome these, we compared HIV-positive people with a control group with si..View full abstract